Why Android is free and open but iOS isn’t?

Android and iOS are the two known operating systems for smartphones. Android is developed by Google and is open-source, which means it is free and can be changed by anyone. But, iOS is made by Apple and is a closed system, meaning it is controlled by Apple. This article explains how the differences affect the experiences they provide.


The open core of Android makes this part easy. It allows anyone to customize their phone as much as they want. This rule also applies to the manufacturing process. Any manufacturer can take Android and customize it as much as they want. Such as Samsung and Xiaomi, when compared, looks far off from each other. From cheap smartphones to high end flagships, Android is also flexible. You can find an Android phone for below $300 and as high as $1500, depending on the choice. This adds up to the picture.


The open core of Android gets more attention of developers. To develop an app for Android, all you need is a machine. Doesn’t matter if it’s a Windows machine, a Mac, or Linux. Meanwhile, to develop an app for iOS, you have to use MacOS along with XCode. This creates a major downside for developers who want to build apps for iOS. Developers can also contribute to Android source code, improving, and fixing issues. Meanwhile on the iOS other hand is completely closed source.


Additionally, Apple’s tightly integrated ecosystem gives an overall better experience on it’s devices, such as iPhones, iPads, Macs, Apple Watches, and more. This allows users to seamlessly switch devices, providing the best possible experience. The synchronization of data devices through iCloud improves this ecosystem, allowing users to access their data from any Apple device. This level of control ensures consistency across devices. This also makes the whole ecosystem of Apple devices more reliable.

Security and Privacy

Apple focuses primarily on security and privacy. The closed source of iOS helps with this. Apple controls the whole ecosystem. This allows them to take strong security steps and release security updates for all supported devices. This approach has made iOS a preferred choice for users who focus on privacy, rather than freedom.

In conclusion, the choice between Android and iOS ultimately boils down to individual preferences and priorities. Android’s open nature fosters unparalleled customization and affordability, providing a diverse range of options for users. Developers also benefit from the accessibility of Android, making app development more inclusive. On the other hand, iOS stands out with its tightly integrated ecosystem, offering a seamless experience across Apple devices and prioritizing security and privacy.

The closed source system of iOS may limit customization but provides a more controlled environment, appealing to users who prioritize privacy over extensive freedom. Ultimately, whether one values the freedom to customize or the assurance of a tightly controlled ecosystem, the ongoing debate between Android and iOS reflects the diverse needs and preferences of smartphone users worldwide.

Related Articles